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Table 3 Percentage of increase in selection efficiency of GS for each phenotypic trait, estimated for both selection strategies (Strategy 1 and 2), model ratio (i.e., GBLUP/PBLUP, BRR/PBLUP and BL/PBLUP) and prediction efficiency (r1 - predictive ability, r2 - predictive accuracy, r3 - theoretical accuracy, and r4 - prediction accuracy). Approach 1 and 2 are respectively the breeding cycle length assumptions without and with flowering greenhouse stimulation (i.e. 18 and 11 years)

From: Evaluation of the efficiency of genomic versus pedigree predictions for growth and wood quality traits in Scots pine

    Traits        
Selection Ratio Pred. eff. Ht1 Ht2 DBH1 DBH2 MFA MOEs DEN MOEd
Strategy 1 GBLUP/PBLUP r1 90.5 110.8 92.6 126.1 87.1 94.9 95.2 86.4
(Approach 1)   r2 81.5 109.8 103.6 124.5 87.8 96.8 93.9 88.7
   r3 126.9 126.7 132.7 137.7 124.6 126.7 123.0 119.4
   r4 61.9 87.5 73.8 73.8 71.4 84.0 80.3 78.1
  BRR/PBLUP r1 100.0 89.2 114.8 143.5 93.6 100.0 95.1 95.5
   r2 85.2 86.9 118.2 128.6 136.7 87.1 87.7 83.1
   r4 59.5 70.0 73.8 71.4 71.4 81.3 77.8 78.5
  BL/PBLUP r1 90.5 83.8 114.8 126.1 80.7 84.6 90.2 81.8
   r2 100.0 109.8 96.4 116.3 132.7 90.3 93.9 80.3
   r4 57.1 80.0 73.8 71.4 66.7 76.0 77.8 75.6
Strategy 1 GBLUP/PBLUP r1 211.7 245.0 215.2 270.0 206.2 219.9 219.3 205.0
(Approach 2)   r2 197.0 243.4 233.2 267.4 207.2 222.0 217.2 208.8
   r3 271.3 270.3 280.8 289.0 267.5 270.9 264.8 258.9
   r4 164.9 206.8 184.4 184.4 180.5 201.1 195.0 191.4
  BRR/PBLUP r1 227.3 209.6 251.5 298.4 216.7 227.3 219.3 219.8
   r2 203.0 205.8 257.0 274.0 287.4 206.2 207.1 199.6
   r4 161.0 178.2 184.4 180.5 180.5 196.7 190.9 191.4
  BL/PBLUP r1 211.7 200.7 251.5 270.0 195.6 202.1 211.3 197.5
   r2 227.3 243.4 221.3 254.0 280.7 211.4 217.2 195.0
   r4 157.1 194.6 184.4 180.5 172.3 188.0 190.9 187.4
Strategy 2 GBLUP/PBLUP r1 11.1 23.0 12.4 31.9 9.1 13.7 13.8 8.7
(Approach 1)   r2 5.9 22.4 18.8 31.0 9.5 14.8 13.1 10.1
   r3 32.4 32.2 35.8 38.7 31.0 32.2 30.1 28.1
   r4 -5.6 9.4 1.4 1.4 0.0 7.3 5.1 3.9
  BRR/PBLUP r1 16.7 10.4 25.3 42.0 12.9 17.7 13.8 14.0
   r2 8.0 9.0 27.3 33.3 38.1 9.1 9.5 6.8
   r4 -6.9 -0.8 1.4 0.0 0.0 5.8 3.7 3.9
  BL/PBLUP r1 11.1 7.2 25.3 31.9 5.4 7.7 11.0 6.1
   r2 16.7 22.4 14.6 26.2 35.7 11.0 13.1 5.2
   r4 -8.3 5.0 1.4 0.0 -2.8 2.7 3.7 2.44
Strategy 2 GBLUP/PBLUP r1 81.8 101.2 83.8 115.8 78.6 86.0 86.3 77.9
(Approach 2)   r2 73.2 100.3 94.4 114.3 79.2 87.8 85.0 80.2
   r3 116.6 116.4 122.2 126.9 114.4 116.4 112.8 109.4
   r4 54.6 79.0 65.9 65.9 63.6 75.6 72.1 70.0
  BRR/PBLUP r1 90.9 80.6 105.1 132.4 84.8 90.9 86.3 86.6
   r2 76.8 78.4 108.3 118.2 126.0 78.6 79.2 74.8
   r4 52.3 62.3 65.9 63.6 63.6 73.1 69.7 70.0
  BL/PBLUP r1 81.8 75.4 105.1 115.8 72.4 76.2 81.6 73.6
   r2 90.9 100.3 87.4 106.5 122.1 81.7 85.0 72.1
   r4 50.0 71.8 65.9 63.6 59.1 68.0 69.7 67.6