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Table 2 Significant expansion (E) or contraction (C) of Cryptolaemus montrouzieri in gene families encoding chemosensor, digestive and detoxifying enzymes and immunity as detected with CAFE in comparison to the other beetle genomes. Orthologous genes were identified by Orthofinder. The number of genes in each family are shown for each species. These gene families contain protein domain of: odorant receptors (OR), odorant binding protein (OBP), maltase, glycosyl hydrolase (GH), trypsin, cathepsin, cytochrome P450 (P450), UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT), carboxylesterase (CE) and attacin. Abbreviations of the tested species are defined in Table 1

From: Genomic insight into diet adaptation in the biological control agent Cryptolaemus montrouzieri

Function Gene family E/C APLAN PPYRA NVESP OTAUR CMONT TCAST DPOND AGLAB LDECE
Chemosensor OR C 0 0 4 3 0 18 5 15 12
OR C 9 1 5 2 0 0 1 3 6
OBP C 4 3 19 14 2 15 7 18 6
OBP E 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 2
Digestive
enzyme
Maltase E 20 2 0 2 5 2 1 3 1
GH1 C 23 8 6 5 6 13 19 22 26
GH16 E 4 0 1 1 5 1 10 2 3
Trypsin C 30 4 2 17 3 4 14 22 4
Trypsin C 5 39 26 19 5 6 14 20 5
Trypsin C 26 2 2 6 0 1 4 10 1
Trypsin C 2 4 5 2 0 2 0 3 7
Cathepsin L E 0 0 0 0 20 0 7 10 24
Cathepsin B E 1 1 1 1 6 2 1 1 14
Detoxifying
enzyme
P450 C 16 22 2 18 7 34 3 27 7
P450 E 3 4 1 4 9 3 2 12 4
UGT C 6 12 3 1 3 25 7 10 8
UGT C 0 8 5 9 0 3 1 4 3
UGT E 0 1 0 2 10 0 0 0 2
UGT E 5 0 0 2 5 3 1 0 0
UGT E 0 0 0 0 11 0 0 0 0
CE E 1 25 5 1 7 1 1 1 1
Immunity Attacin E 0 0 1 5 7 2 1 6 5