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  1. The number of myofiber is determined during the embryonic stage and does not increase during the postnatal period for birds, including goose. Thus, muscle production of adult goose is pre-determined during emb...

    Authors: Tieshan Xu, Zijie Xu, Lizhi Lu, Tao Zeng, Lihong Gu, Yongzhen Huang, Shunjin Zhang, Peng Yang, Yifan Wen, Dajie Lin, Manping Xing, Lili Huang, Guojun Liu, Zhe Chao and Weiping Sun

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:270

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Uncovering the mechanisms underlying rapid genetic adaptation can provide insight into adaptive evolution and shed light on conservation, invasive species control, and natural resource management. However, it ...

    Authors: Xiaoshen Yin, Alexander S. Martinez, Maria S. Sepúlveda and Mark R. Christie

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:269

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Fertilization in flowering plants depends on the early contact and acceptance of pollen grains by the receptive papilla cells of the stigma. Deciphering the specific transcriptomic response of both pollen and ...

    Authors: Chie Kodera, Jérémy Just, Martine Da Rocha, Antoine Larrieu, Lucie Riglet, Jonathan Legrand, Frédérique Rozier, Thierry Gaude and Isabelle Fobis-Loisy

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:268

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The back plays a vital role in horse locomotion, where the spine functions as a spring during the stride cycle. A complex interaction between the spine and the muscles of the back contribute to locomotion soun...

    Authors: Maria K. Rosengren, Heiðrún Sigurðardóttir, Susanne Eriksson, Rakan Naboulsi, Ahmad Jouni, Miguel Novoa-Bravo, Elsa Albertsdóttir, Þorvaldur Kristjánsson, Marie Rhodin, Åsa Viklund, Brandon D. Velie, Juan J. Negro, Marina Solé and Gabriella Lindgren

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:267

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The pathogen Listeria (L.) monocytogenes is known to survive heat, cold, high pressure, and other extreme conditions. Although the response of this pathogen to pH, osmotic, temperature, and oxidative stress has b...

    Authors: Bahareh Nikparvar, Margarita Andreevskaya, Ilhan C. Duru, Florentina I. Bucur, Leontina Grigore-Gurgu, Daniela Borda, Anca I. Nicolau, Christian U. Riedel, Petri Auvinen and Nadav Bar

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:266

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Bacterial plant pathogens of the Pectobacterium genus are responsible for a wide spectrum of diseases in plants, including important crops such as potato, tomato, lettuce, and banana. Investigation of the genetic...

    Authors: Eef M. Jonkheer, Balázs Brankovics, Ilse M. Houwers, Jan M. van der Wolf, Peter J. M. Bonants, Robert A. M. Vreeburg, Robert Bollema, Jorn R. de Haan, Lidija Berke, Sandra Smit, Dick de Ridder and Theo A. J. van der Lee

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:265

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Polyploid species often originate recurrently. While this is well known, there is little information on the extent to which distinct allotetraploid species formed from the same parent species differ in gene ex...

    Authors: Duo Chen, Peng-Cheng Yan and Yan-Ping Guo

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:264

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas [L.] Lam.) is an important food crop. However, the genetic information of the nuclear genome of this species is difficult to determine accurately because of its large genome and compl...

    Authors: Shizhuo Xiao, Pan Xu, Yitong Deng, Xibin Dai, Lukuan Zhao, Bettina Heida, An Zhang, Zhilin Zhou and Qinghe Cao

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:262

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Increases in ocean temperatures and in the frequency and severity of hypoxic events are expected with climate change, and may become a challenge for cultured Atlantic salmon and negatively affect their growth,...

    Authors: Anne Beemelmanns, Fábio S. Zanuzzo, Xi Xue, Rebeccah M. Sandrelli, Matthew L. Rise and A. Kurt Gamperl

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:261

    Content type: Research article

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  10. This correspondence responds to the critique by Butler et al. (BMC Genomics 22:241, 2021) of our recent paper on transposable element (TE) persistence. We address the three main objections raised by Butler et ...

    Authors: Stefan C. Kremer, Stefan Linquist, Brent Saylor, Tyler A. Elliott, T. Ryan Gregory and Karl Cottenie

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:260

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Genomics 2021 22:241

  11. Prior work demonstrated that female rats (but not their male littermates) exposed to methamphetamine become hypersensitive to myocardial ischemic injury. Importantly, this sex-dependent effect persists followi...

    Authors: Hasitha Chavva, Daniel A. Brazeau, James Denvir, Donald A. Primerano, Jun Fan, Sarah L. Seeley and Boyd R. Rorabaugh

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:259

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Leaf color mutants are the ideal materials to explore the pathways of chlorophyll (Chl) metabolism, chloroplast development, and photosynthesis system. In this study, a spontaneous yellow-green leaf wucai (Brassi...

    Authors: Libing Nie, Yushan Zheng, Liting Zhang, Ying Wu, Shidong Zhu, Jinfeng Hou, Guohu Chen, Xiaoyan Tang, Chenggang Wang and Lingyun Yuan

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:258

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Non-Drosophila insects provide diverse aging types and important complementary systems for studies of aging biology. However, little attention has been paid to the special roles of non-Drosophila insects in aging...

    Authors: Siyuan Guo, Pengcheng Yang, Bo Liang, Feng Zhou, Li Hou, Le Kang and Xianhui Wang

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:257

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells is a complex and dynamic process. The gene expression pattern and mechanism of different periods of adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation remain un...

    Authors: Yu Liu, Markus Tingart, Sophie Lecouturier, Jianzhang Li and Jörg Eschweiler

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:254

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Aedes aegypti mosquito, the principal global vector of arboviral diseases, lays eggs and undergoes larval and pupal development to become adult mosquitoes in fresh water (FW). It has recently been observed to dev...

    Authors: Ranjan Ramasamy, Vaikunthavasan Thiruchenthooran, Tibutius T. P. Jayadas, Thampoe Eswaramohan, Sharanga Santhirasegaram, Kokila Sivabalakrishnan, Arunasalam Naguleswaran, Marilyne Uzest, Bastien Cayrol, Sebastien N. Voisin, Philippe Bulet and Sinnathamby N. Surendran

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:253

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Plant transitions to land require robust cell walls for regulatory adaptations and to resist changing environments. Cell walls provide essential plasticity for plant cell division and defense, which are often ...

    Authors: Wenjun Sun, Haomiao Yu, Moyang Liu, Zhaotang Ma and Hui Chen

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:252

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Trichophyton mentagrophyte (TM), a zoonotic pathogen, has been endangering public health due to emerging drug resistance. Although increased attention is paid to this issue, there is very limited research avai...

    Authors: Chenwen Xiao, Jiaoyu Wang, Zhenfeng Liao, Yee Huang, Quanan Ji, Yan Liu, Fei Su, Lijun Xu, Qiang Wei, Yao Pan, Ke Li and Guolian Bao

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:250

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is cultivated worldwide, and it is essential to produce enough high-quality seeds to meet demand. Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) in cucumber is a critical problem and causes serious dam...

    Authors: Mingming Cao, Shuju Li, Qiang Deng, Huizhe Wang and Ruihuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:249

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The blood feeding poultry red mite (PRM), Dermanyssus gallinae, causes substantial economic damage to the egg laying industry worldwide, and is a serious welfare concern for laying hens and poultry house workers....

    Authors: Kathryn Bartley, Wan Chen, Richard I. Lloyd Mills, Francesca Nunn, Daniel R. G. Price, Stephane Rombauts, Yves Van de Peer, Lise Roy, Alasdair J. Nisbet and Stewart T. G. Burgess

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:248

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Antibiotic-producing Streptomyces bacteria are ubiquitous in nature, yet most studies of its diversity have focused on free-living strains inhabiting diverse soil environments and those in symbiotic relationship ...

    Authors: Cooper J. Park, Nicole A. Caimi, Debbie C. Buecher, Ernest W. Valdez, Diana E. Northup and Cheryl P. Andam

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:247

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array technology has been increasingly used to generate large quantities of SNP data for use in genetic studies. As new arrays are developed to take advantage of new techno...

    Authors: Nicholas P. Howard, Michela Troggio, Charles-Eric Durel, Hélène Muranty, Caroline Denancé, Luca Bianco, John Tillman and Eric van de Weg

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:246

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Aggressive behavior is an ancient and conserved trait, habitual for most animals in order to eat, protect themselves, compete for mating and defend their territories. Genetic factors have been shown to play an...

    Authors: Paulina G. Eusebi, Natalia Sevane, Thomas O’Rourke, Manuel Pizarro, Cedric Boeckx and Susana Dunner

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:245

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is one of the most relevant viruses affecting the poultry industry, and several studies have investigated the factors involved in its biological cycle and evolution. However, ...

    Authors: Giovanni Franzo, Claudia Maria Tucciarone, Matteo Legnardi and Mattia Cecchinato

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:244

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Altica (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) is a highly diverse and taxonomically challenging flea beetle genus that has been used to address questions related to host plant specialization, reproductive isolation, and eco...

    Authors: Huai-Jun Xue, Yi-Wei Niu, Kari A. Segraves, Rui-E Nie, Ya-Jing Hao, Li-Li Zhang, Xin-Chao Cheng, Xue-Wen Zhang, Wen-Zhu Li, Run-Sheng Chen and Xing-Ke Yang

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:243

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Plant pathogenic isolates of Rhizoctonia solani anastomosis group 1-intraspecific group IA (AG1-IA) infect a wide range of crops causing diseases such as rice sheath blight (ShB). ShB has become a serious disease...

    Authors: Da-Young Lee, Jongbum Jeon, Ki-Tae Kim, Kyeongchae Cheong, Hyeunjeong Song, Gobong Choi, Jaeho Ko, Stephen O. Opiyo, James C. Correll, Shimin Zuo, Sheshu Madhav, Guo-Liang Wang and Yong-Hwan Lee

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:242

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Transposable elements are significant components of most organism’s genomes, yet the reasons why their abundances vary significantly among species is poorly understood. A recent study has suggested that even i...

    Authors: Christopher L. Butler, Ellen A. Bell and Martin I. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:241

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Genomics 2020 21:367

    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Genomics 2021 22:260

  27. Spiroplasma is a widely distributed endosymbiont of insects, arthropods, and plants. In insects, Spiroplasma colonizes the gut, hemolymph, and reproductive organs of the host. Previous metagenomic surveys of the ...

    Authors: Arturo Vera-Ponce León, Marian Dominguez-Mirazo, Rafael Bustamante-Brito, Víctor Higareda-Alvear, Mónica Rosenblueth and Esperanza Martínez-Romero

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:240

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Callithrix marmosets are a relatively young primate radiation, whose phylogeny is not yet fully resolved. These primates are naturally para- and allopatric, but three species with highly invasive potential have b...

    Authors: Joanna Malukiewicz, Reed A. Cartwright, Nelson H. A. Curi, Jorge A. Dergam, Claudia S. Igayara, Silvia B. Moreira, Camila V. Molina, Patricia A. Nicola, Angela Noll, Marcello Passamani, Luiz C. M. Pereira, Alcides Pissinatti, Carlos R. Ruiz-Miranda, Daniel L. Silva, Anne C. Stone, Dietmar Zinner…

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:239

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The behavior of cells in vivo is complex and highly dynamic, as it results from an interplay between intercellular matrix proteins with surface receptors and other microenvironmental cues. Although the effects...

    Authors: Souvik Ghosh, Anastasiya Börsch, Shreemoyee Ghosh and Mihaela Zavolan

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:238

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Colossoma macropomum (tambaqui) and Piaractus mesopotamicus (pacu) are good fish species for aquaculture. The tambacu, individuals originating from the induced hybridization of the female tambaqui with the male p...

    Authors: Bruno E. A. Fantinatti, Erika S. Perez, Bruna T. T. Zanella, Jéssica S. Valente, Tassiana G. de Paula, Edson A. Mareco, Robson F. Carvalho, Silvano Piazza, Michela A. Denti and Maeli Dal-Pai-Silva

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:237

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Vernalization is a type of low temperature stress used to promote rapid bolting and flowering in plants. Although rapid bolting and flowering promote the reproduction of Chinese cabbages (Brassica rapa L. ssp. pe...

    Authors: Yun Dai, Xiao Sun, Chenggang Wang, Fei Li, Shifan Zhang, Hui Zhang, Guoliang Li, Lingyun Yuan, Guohu Chen, Rifei Sun and Shujiang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:236

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. For multicellular organisms, much remains unknown about the dynamics of synonymous codon and amino acid use in highly expressed genes, including whether their use varies with expression in different tissue typ...

    Authors: Carrie A. Whittle, Arpita Kulkarni, Nina Chung and Cassandra G. Extavour

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:234

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum Desf. Husn) is the main staple crop used to make pasta products worldwide. Under the current climate change scenarios, genetic variability within a crop plays a crucia...

    Authors: Pablo Federico Roncallo, Adelina Olga Larsen, Ana Laura Achilli, Carolina Saint Pierre, Cristian Andrés Gallo, Susanne Dreisigacker and Viviana Echenique

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:233

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. A body distribution with high intramuscular fat and low abdominal fat is the ideal goal for broiler breeding. Preadipocytes with different origins have differences in terms of metabolism and gene expression. T...

    Authors: Zheng Ma, Na Luo, Lu Liu, Huanxian Cui, Jing Li, Hai Xiang, Huimin Kang, Hua Li and Guiping Zhao

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:232

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Commelinaceae (Commelinales) comprise 41 genera and are widely distributed in both the Old and New Worlds, except in Europe. The relationships among genera in this family have been suggested in several morphol...

    Authors: Joonhyung Jung, Changkyun Kim and Joo-Hwan Kim

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:231

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. The Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus is an important amphibian species in China because of its increasing economic value, protection status and special evolutionary position from aquatic to terrestrial...

    Authors: Qiaomu Hu, Yang Liu, Xiaolin Liao, Haifeng Tian, Xiangshan Ji, Jiajie Zhu and Hanbing Xiao

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:230

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Olive orchards are threatened by a wide range of pathogens. Of these, Verticillium dahliae has been in the spotlight for its high incidence, the difficulty to control it and the few cultivars that has increased t...

    Authors: Jorge A. Ramírez-Tejero, Jaime Jiménez-Ruiz, Alicia Serrano, Angjelina Belaj, Lorenzo León, Raúl de la Rosa, Jesús Mercado-Blanco and Francisco Luque

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:229

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The red panda (Ailurus fulgens) is a riddle of morphology, making it hard to tell whether it is an ursid, a procyonid, a mustelid, or a member of its own family. Previous genetic studies have given quite contradi...

    Authors: Matyas Cserhati

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:228

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Barley is one of the founder crops of Neolithic agriculture and is among the most-grown cereals today. The only trait that universally differentiates the cultivated and wild subspecies is ‘non-brittleness’ of ...

    Authors: Peter Civáň, Konstantina Drosou, David Armisen-Gimenez, Wandrille Duchemin, Jérôme Salse and Terence A. Brown

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:227

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Short interspersed nuclear elements (SINEs) belong to non-long terminal repeat (non-LTR) retrotransposons, which can mobilize dependent on the help of counterpart long interspersed nuclear elements (LINEs). Al...

    Authors: Guangjie Han, Nan Zhang, Heng Jiang, Xiangkun Meng, Kun Qian, Yang Zheng, Jian Xu and Jianjun Wang

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:226

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Cattle are ideally suited to investigate the genetics of male fertility. Semen from individual bulls is used for thousands of artificial inseminations for which the fertilization success is monitored. Results ...

    Authors: Maya Hiltpold, Naveen Kumar Kadri, Fredi Janett, Ulrich Witschi, Fritz Schmitz-Hsu and Hubert Pausch

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:225

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Understanding viral infection of the olfactory epithelium is essential because the olfactory nerve is an important route of entry for viruses to the central nervous system. Specialized chemosensory epithelial ...

    Authors: B. Dnate’ Baxter, Eric D. Larson, Laetitia Merle, Paul Feinstein, Arianna Gentile Polese, Andrew N. Bubak, Christy S. Niemeyer, James Hassell Jr, Doug Shepherd, Vijay R. Ramakrishnan, Maria A. Nagel and Diego Restrepo

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:224

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. B-box (BBX) zinc-finger transcription factors play important roles in plant growth, development, and stress response. Although these proteins have been studied in model plants such as Arabidopsis thaliana or Oryz...

    Authors: Xiuming Zhang, Li Zhang, Miaomiao Ji, Yifei Wu, Songlin Zhang, Yanxun Zhu, Jin Yao, Zhi Li, Hua Gao and Xiping Wang

    Citation: BMC Genomics 2021 22:221

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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